Numantia. Ring a Bell? If not, it's likely you've no idea about the Roman Conquest of Spain. Historical sources often equate the conquest of Numantia with that of Carthage.
The fall of Numantia was more noble than that of the capital of Africa, and the conqueror of Carthage obtained the victory only when the enemies had been consumed by famine or by self-destruction -- Lempriere's Classical Dictionary connmments on Scipio Africanus, conqueror of Numantia.
Numantia was a Celtiberian settlement located 7 km north of Soria, occupying a hill known as Cerro de la Muela.
The Celtiberians, Celtic tribes on the Iberian peninsula, put up a 20 year resistance to everything Rome sent their way--until the Romans sent their best General, Publio Conrnelio Scipio, or Scipio Africanus. Even so, it still took eleven months of hard siege before the city fell in the summer of 133 B.C. Most survivors choose suicide, the few who didn't were sold as slaves.
Numantia was so important to Spain that Miguel de Cervantes wrote a play about the Siege called El Cerco De Numancia - The Siege of Numantia.
So now you know.
Because of both Celtic and Roman occupations, the archaeological site of Numantia has a couple of interesting features--typical reconstructions of celtic and Roman houses, complete with cooking utensils, beds, and furniture. Although the site is smaller than you might imagine, it's fascinating to take the archaeological walk and see the various "neighborhoods." At the end of the slide show, there is info on visiting and getting more info on Numantia.
After your visit of the excavations at Numantia you'll want to head to the nearby town of Soria to the Museo Numantino, which includes two rooms dedicated to the two cultures. Soria is a fine city to stay in while you visit in any case.
If you're in the area of central Spain at the end of June, you'll want to take in the Historic Reinactment in nearby Garray:
These performances take place every year, during the last Saturday of the month of July, in the village of Garray, Soria, Spain. The performance takes place in the village's streets in the morning, and go on in the evening, at a stage in the Archaeological Site on Numantia.
Below are some details from the Numantia Archaeolgical Site.
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